66) Which of the following plantwide plans incorporates the ideas of employees, union leaders, and top managers to generate cost-saving ideas?
B) Rucker plan
C) Scanlon plan
D) McGregor plan
67) Liz wants to begin a plantwide incentive compensation plan. She is setting up employee-management committees to solicit and screen cost-saving ideas. Liz is considering a variety of elements in the cost-savings calculation, not just labor costs. Her best choice of plan would be:
A) a Scanlon plan.
B) a Rucker plan.
C) an Improshare plan.
D) a profit-sharing plan.
68) A firm that wants a gainsharing program that is easy to administer and communicate, and based on an agreed-on level of output should most likely use a(n) ________ plan.
69) Plantwide pay-for-performance plans are built on the assumption that:
A) employees are motivated to be productive by financial rewards.
B) firms are more productive when employees are team players.
C) competition between work teams is an optimal goal.
D) profits should be reinvested in the firm.
70) Unlike individual-based incentive plans, gainsharing:
A) accepts people's intrinsic motivations.
B) often leads to decreases in productivity.
C) accepts that people are externally motivated.
D) supports the idea that pay incentives motivate production.
71) In order for a firm to benefit the most from plantwide pay-for-performance plans, managers should:
A) encourage competition between employees.
B) encourage independence among employees.
C) reward employees with mostly nonfinancial rewards.
D) encourage employees to work for the plant's common good.
72) Casey wants a pay-for-performance incentive program that will increase both productivity and quality and that has few performance measurement difficulties. Her best choice is a(n):
A) individual-based incentive plan.
B) piece rate incentive plan.
C) team-based incentive plan.
D) gainsharing plan.
73) Which of the following is a disadvantage of plantwide incentive programs?
A) Increased team competition
B) Complex formulas for determining bonuses
C) Protection of low performers
D) Disbelief that pay and performance are linked
74) When gainsharing is first implemented:
A) efficient plants are likely to post higher gains than inefficient plants.
B) inefficient plants are likely to post higher gains than efficient plants.
C) employees are likely to suffer from effects of psychological contracts.
D) cooperation between employees decreases significantly.
75) In most cases, plantwide incentive programs:
A) exclude salaried workers.
B) exclude low performers.
C) reward only the best performing teams.
D) improve labor-management relationships.