1. About the Frank Serpico situation and todays situations I believe that the two-time periods are far from comparison. In the 1970s it was not uncommon for police in New York to receive payoffs from illegal operations, such as brothels and gambling dens (Newburn, 1999). So, when you look at the subculture of the 70s, officers would ostracize someone that rats or snitches, but in present time I feel it is not a common thing. In todays time, leaders have stepped up to ensure that their departments are following the laws laid out by the Constitution and punishing those officers that break the law and the departments policy, all while protecting those individuals that are considered whistleblowers. Most officers realize that threats exist on the streets and not within the department, especially now more than ever, so even if an officer were to inform on a fellow officer, which lead to disciplinary action, I feel most officers would respect that and not hesitate to back that officer up in a crisis. Police currently have an image of being liars and abusing their power, but they want to get back to the image of being public servants and be protectors of the community. In our readings Tillman says that A Christian citizen is a person who applies Christian principles to political issues (Tillman, 1988), meaning when police are faced with these situations they need to ask themselves, what would God want me to do?